Tests for Micro-molecule Toxins
- BUN (Blood Nitrogen). When the GFR level decreases, BUN level increases generally.
- CR (Creatinine). Creatinine refers to chemical waste molecule that generated from muscular activity. It is a relatively reliable indicator of kidney function, which is better than BUN.
- UA (Uric Acid). Decline of kidney function or gout can lead to elevated UA level.
Tests for Middle-molecule Toxins
- BMG (β2-microglobulin). It helps identify renal tubular and glomerular diseases, the ALB/β2-M ratio tubular disease. Β2-microglobulin can also be used after renal transplantation survival of diabetic nephropathy, gout, kidney, and certain tumor malignancy diagnosis and treatment monitoring.
- CycC. It is a perfect index of kidney function. It specially works in children or the elderly. This toxin may lead to Amyloidosis.
- PTH (Parathyroid Hormone). Increased PTH level normally represent renal osteopathy.
- IL-6 (Interleukin-6) has diagnostic importance as one of the earliest indicators of acute or mild inflammation, or infections. This toxin usually indicates the complications of CKD, such as cardiovascular disease, malnutrition, uremic anemia.
- RBP (Retinol Binding Protein). It reflects loss of kidney function faster than CR. And decreased RBP level may be related to liver disease and malnutrition.
- HCY (Homocysteine). It is an independent factor of cardiovascular disease, which increases patient’s risk of presenting heart disease.
These tests offer an overview of waste products in your blood, which helps your doctor choose right method to clean the blood. Various toxins need different dialysers. In addition, they can offer directions to improve the prognosis.
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