Some people may suffer from Nephrotic Syndrome, especially for child, while what is Nephrotic Syndrome and what are the causes? In this article, we will introduce in details for you.
It refers to a group of clinical symptoms including large amount of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipemia, and obvious edema. It is induced by the increase of glomerular filtration membrane and followed by loss of plasma protein.
It can be divided into primary, secondary and congenital types. Primary one is caused by kidney lesions and accounts for more than 90% of all cases; secondary one is caused by extra-renal diseases such as Purpura Nephritis, SLE (systematic lupus erythematosus); Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome is mostly related to hereditary diseases and it is rare in clinic.
The common causes of Nephrotic Syndrome include:
Infections (bacterial and virus mainly)
Immune diseases (SLE, Purpura Nephritis, etc)
Toxicity and abuse medications
Allergy, bee bite, snake venom, organic or inorganic mercury, or some certain medicines such as penicillamine, trimethadione, and so on
All in all, various causes will induce Nephrotic Syndrome and once you are diagnosed with Nephrotic Syndrome, timely and effective therapy should be taken to avoid it develop into the advanced disease—Kidney Failure.
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