Long-term hypertension can lead to progressive decline in renal function, which is manifested by increased serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, blood uric acid, proteinuria, hematuria and edema, and even renal failure. More and more patients consult ONLINE DOCTOR about the diet.
1. Patients should eat more potassium foods.(normal renal functions patients)
Potassium can buffer sodium in the body. The main products are soybeans, beans, tomatoes, squash, celery, fresh mushrooms and all kinds of green leafy vegetables.
2. Patients should eat more foods with high quality protein and vitamins.
Such as fish, milk, lean meat, eggs, beans and bean products.
3. To eat more fruit, Such as oranges, apples, bananas, pears, kiwifruit, persimmons, pineapples, walnuts, watermelons and so on.
A. To less salt diet
Diet should be light, and eat less salty food; too much salt will increase blood vessels and blood pressure. For hypertensive patients, salt restriction alone may restore normal blood pressure; for moderate to severe hypertension patients, salt restriction can not only improve the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs, but also reduce the dosage of antihypertensive drugs, thereby greatly reducing the side effects of antihypertensive drugs and drug costs. In addition, be careful of invisible salts, such as monosodium glutamate, soy sauce, tomato sauce, pickles, sausages, lunch meat, roast chicken and other cooked foods, as well as frozen food, canned food and convenient fast food and desserts, snacks, ice cream, beverages and so on.
B. To eat less sweets.
Sweet food is high in sugar and can be converted into fat in the body, which is easy to promote arteriosclerosis.
C. To eat less animal fat.
Animals with high cholesterol can accelerate arteriosclerosis. Such as liver, kidney, brain, heart and so should eat less.
D. To stop smoking and quit smoking
Hypertension patients with tobacco and alcohol addiction will lead to heart, brain and kidney damage due to excessive smoking and alcohol.
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