High creatinine level is commonly seen among people with type 1 diabetes, especially those with a long medical history. How to lower high creatinine level in type 1 diabetes effectively?
Why does type 1 diabetes cause high creatinine level?
Kidneys are composed of millions of tiny blood vessels with even tinier holes in them act as filters. As blood flows through the tiny blood vessels, small waste products such as creatinine will squeeze through the holes and will filtered out of body in urine. Meanwhile, useful substances, such as proteins will be kept in body.
However, in type 1 diabetes, if blood sugar is out of control, it can make the kidneys filter too much blood. The extra workload can make the kidneys exhausted. Over time, the kidneys will fail progressively and fail to filter blood adequately. As a result, a large amount of wastes such as creatinine, urea etc builds up in blood leading to high creatinine level. Also, the worn kidneys start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine. As a result, proteinuria will occur.
How to lower high creatinine level in type 1 diabetes?
Control blood sugar level
Tight control of blood sugar can relieve workload on tiny blood vessels in kidneys remarkably. It can delay renal function decline. In early stage of diabetes kidney disease, it even can reverse kidney damage completely.
Control high blood pressure
Blood pressure has a dramatic effect on the rate at which the disease progresses. Even a mild rise in blood pressure can worsen renal function significantly. Four ways to lower high blood pressure include losing weight, low-salt diet, quitting alcohol and tobacco, and getting regular exercise.
A low-protein diet can decrease protein loss in the urine and increase protein levels in the blood. It can reduce strain on kidneys effectively.
If kidneys fail, dialysis will be used to keep the patients with type 1 diabetes alive. It can help remove wastes in body to lower high creatinine level.
As tiny blood vessel impairment is the underlying cause of high creatinine level in type 1 diabetes, the treatment goal should be restore the impaired blood vessels and improve renal function.
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