Type 1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes as it is commonly diagnosed among children and young adults. As the person’s own immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. The destroyed cells fail to produce insulin any more. So once type 1 diabetes is diagnosed, the children will have to rely on insulin in the rest lifetime. As small children are still unable to care of themselves well, parents should pay more attention to their daily care.
1. Have their blood sugar checked a few times a day by testing a small blood sample
2. Give insulin injection regularly or use an insulin pump
3. Diet plays a dominant role in controlling diabetes. Children with type 1 diabetes should eat a balanced, healthy diet and the parents should pay special attention to the amount of sugars, starches and carbohydrate in the foods they eat and the timing of their meals.
4. Parents should make an individualized exercise program based on their children’s condition and do exercise together with their children. Regular exercise can help control blood sugar levels and help the children avoid some of the long-term health problems.
Living with type 1 diabetes is really big challenge to children. Long-term insulin injection will cause heavy psychological burden on them. Therefore, the parents should keep patient and explain to them why the blood samples and insulin injections are necessary or other questions.
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