Are you confused by Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? What is Type 1 and what is Type 2? This article will explain them one by in details. And introduce top 5 differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system will attack and kill the pancreatic beta cells. As a result, the pancreas can not secrete enough insulin and patients have to rely on exogenous insulin to maintain normal life.
Type 2 Diabetes is non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The patients do not lose the ability of producing insulin completely, only that the effects are much weakened which is a relative insufficiency of insulin.
1. Age of onset: Type 1 diabetes usually occurs to people that are below 40, the children and adolescents and there is only a few exception. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs to people above 40. It is very rare that people over 50 will develop type 1 diabetes.
2. Weight: Those that are obese are mostly type 2. Generally, the more obese you are the more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Type 1 patients usually have normal or low weight before the onset of the disease.
3. Symptoms: Type 1 diabetes has obvious clinical symptoms such as polydipsia, diuresis, over-eating while type 2 usually has no such typical symptoms. Therefore patients on type 2 diabetes often do not know when did they develop the disease and it is often found out after checking blood sugar.
4. Complications: Type 1 is easy to have ketoacidosis, fundus retinal disease, kidney disease and neuropathy. It is rare that type 2 will have ketoacidosis, but the elder patients are susceptible to hypertonic coma. As for the chronic complications, type 2 have higher incidence of vascular atherosclerosis in the heart, brain and kidneys than type 1, which is a significant difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
5. Treatments: For type 1 diabetes the blood sugar can only be brought under control by insulin injection and oral intake of hypoglycemic medicines usually has no effects. For type 2, reasonable diet and proper intake of hypoglycemic medicines can help bring the blood sugar well under control. When the hypoglycemic medicines fail and Islet B cell is severely damaged or there are serious complications, insulin can be adopted.
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